HEALTH EDUCATION-How the concepts of health being taught


  • “health education is a process that informs, motivates, and helps people to adopt and maintain healthy practices and lifestyles, advocates environmental changes as needed to facilitate this goal and conducts professional training and research to the same end”

                              -National conference on preventive medicine in USA


  • Make use of the law to protect the health of the public

Government makes laws and regulations

  • Eg:-Epidemic diseases act

        -Pollution act

        -Food adulteration act

        -Environmental act

  • ADMINISTRATIVE OR SERVICE APPROACH: This approach intends to provide all the health facilities to the people with the hope that they will use it
  • it becomes a failure if the service is not based on the felt needs of the people
  • Most effective means for achievement of changes in the health practices and lifestyles of the community.
  • Components –motivation, communication and decision-making
  • Result obtained from this approach is slow but permanent and enduring
  • Sufficient time should be allowed for the individual to bring about the desired changes in his behavior
  • It involves full participation and active involvement of the people starting from the planning stage till the delivery of the health services.
  • This is based on principles of primary health care-community participation
  • This can be achieved by providing the necessary guidance to help people identify their health problems and to find solutions to these problems


  • CREDIBILTY-It is the degree to which the message is perceived as trustworthy by the receiver
  • It should be scientifically proven, based on facts and should be compatible with local culture and goals
  • INTEREST-If the health education topic is of interest to the people, they will listen to it.Health educator should identify the “felt needs” of the people and then prepare a program that they can actively participate in to make it successful
  • PARTICIPATION-Health educator should encourage people to participate in the program Once the people are given a chance to take part in the program it leads to their acceptance of the program.Methods like group discussion, panel discussions etc. provide opportunities for people’s participation.
  • MOTIVATION-“the fundamental desire for learning in an individual” Health education can be facilitated by the motivation provided by the desire to achieve individual goals Eg:-for a teenager, esthetics might be a motive to take care of his teeth whereas for an adult, the expenses of undergoing restorative care
  • COMPREHENSION-Level of understating of the people who receive the health education Should first determine the level of literacy and understanding of the audience and act accordingly words that are strange or new to the people should not be used Use of technical terms or medical terms should be avoided
  • REINFORCEMENT-This is the principle that refers to the repetition needed in health education It is not possible for the people to learn new things in a short period of time So repetition is a good idea This can be done at regular intervals and it helps people to understand new ideas or practice better “booster dose in health education”
  • LEARNING BY DOING-If the learning process is accompanied by doing new things it is better instilled in the minds of people  “if I hear, I forget; if I see, I remember; if I do, I know”
  • KNOWN TO UNKNOWN-Before the start of any health education program, the health educator should find out how much the people already know and then give them the new knowledge.The existing knowledge of the people can be used as the basic step up on which new knowledge can be placed Eg:-A  health education program with the aim of introducing a toothbrush to a rural population will be better appreciated if the communicator start the program with “what are you using to clean your teeth at present” and then going in to details like “why are you using it” and then connecting it to the tooth brush and then providing details about the tooth brush
  • SETTING AN EXAMPLE-The health educator should follow what he preaches.He should set an  example to others to followEg:- A health educator who participate in a program highlighting the ill effects of tobacco should not be seen smoking since it sends a wrong signal and seriousness of the situation is lost
  • GOOD HUMAN RELATIONS-This principle states that the health educator should have good personal qualities and should be able to maintain friendly relations with the people.The health educator should have a kind and sympathetic attitude towards the people and should always be helpful to them in clarifying doubts or repeating what is not understood
  • FEEDBACK-For any program to be successful it is necessary to collect feedback to find out if any modifications are needed to make the program more effective
  • COMMUNITY LEADERS-Community leaders can be used to reach the people of the community and to convince them about the need for health education.Leaders can also be used to educate the people as they will have a rapport and will be familiar with the people of their community.The leader will have an understanding of the needs of the community and advice and guide them
  • SOIL, SEED, SOWER-Soil is the community Seed is information Sower is the person giving the information


  • Communication is regarded as a two way process of exchanging or shaping ideas, feelings and information to bring about desired changes in human behavior.


1)one way and two way communicatin

2)Verbal and non verbal communication

3)Formal and informal communication

  • One way communicationFlowof information is one way, from the sender to the receiver. The draw backs are
  • Knowledge is imposed
  • Learning is authoritative.
  • There is little audience participation.
  • No feed back.
  • Two way communication
  • Participation from both the sender and the receiver.
  • Learning is active and democratic
  • It is more likely to influence behavior

Verbal and non verbal communication

  • Verbal-traditional way by word of mouth
  • Non-verbal-bodily movements and facial expressions

Formal and informal communication

  • Formal communication follows lines of authority
  • Informal communication-conversing with friends or colleagues


  • 1.Psychological barriers
  • 2.physiological barriers
  • 3.Environmental barriers
  • 4.Cultural barriers
  • Emotional disturbances, depression, neurosis, psychosomatic disorder
  • Special methods and utmost care should be adopted to convey the message
  • Difficulties in self expression, hearing, seeing, understanding
  • Channels of communication should be selective
  • Excessive noise, difficulties in vision and congestion
  • It can be overcome by making small groups and using appropriate channels for communication
  • Patterns of behavior, habits, beliefs, customs, attitudes, religion


  • The aids used for transmitting health education are the main constituent of the armamentarium of health education process
  • 1.Auditary aids
  • 2.Visual aids
  • 3.A combination of audi-visual aids
  • Based on the principles of sound, electricity and magnetism
  • Useful in reproducing any kind of words spoken and also helps in repeating the same
  • Megaphones
  • Microphones
  • Gramophone records and discs
  • Tape records
  • Radios
  • Sound amplifiers
  • Based on the principles of projection
  • Helps individuals to understand better
  • It is of 2 types
  • 1.projected aids
  • 2.non-projected aids
  • Projected aids
  • Needs projection from a source on to the screen
  • Films or cinemas
  • Film stripes
  • Slides
  • Overhead projectors
  • Transparencies
  • Bioscopes
  • Video cassettes
  • Silent films
  • Advantages
  • real life situations can be enacted in films
  • Self explanatory
  • Creates a special interest among the audience to watch a film
  • Situational effects can be shown in a film
  • Non projected aids
  • Do not require any projection
  • Black board
  • Pictures, cartoons, photographs
  • Flip charts, flashcards
  • Flannel boards
  • Printed materials-leaflets, pamphlets, folders, booklets, brochures
  • Models, specimens
  • Sound and sight can be combined together
  • Televisions
  • Tape and slide combinations
  • Video cassette players and records
  • Motion pictures or cinemas
  • Multimedia computers
  • These also include traditional media-folk dance, folk songs, puppet shows, dramas


  • 1.Individual approach
  • 2.Group approach

            -chalk and talk


            -Group discussions

            -Panel discussions

            -Work shop

            -conferences or seminars

            -role playing/ socio drama


  • 3.Mass approach
  • When an individual comes to the dental clinic or health centre because of illness, the opportunity should be used to educate him on matters of interest such as the cause and nature of his illness, its prevention, beneficial diets, oral hygiene etc.
  • This approach can also be used by public health personnel, since they will be visiting homes and can interact with the individual and their families
  • Advantages
  • Can be done in a dentist’s consultation room
  • Discussion, argument and persuasion of an individual to change his behavior is possible
  • Opportunity for the individual to ask questions and clearing doubts
  • Disadvantages
  • Small number can benefit
  • Health education is given to only who come in contact with the dental surgeon or with public health personnel


  • “A carefully prepared oral presentation of facts, organized thoughts and ideas by a qualified person”
  • Should have an opening statement
  • Group should not be more than 30 people
  • Duration of talk should not exceed 15-20 minutes
  • Should be based on topics of current interest
  • Its effectiveness depends on ability of speaker to write and draw legibly
  • Disadvantage-one way communication ,learning is passive
  • A series of speeches on a selected topic
  • Each speaker presents a brief aspects of the topic
  • There is no discussion among speakers
  • In the end, the audience may ask questions
  • The chairman makes a summary at the end of the session
  • Advantages
  • Can be done in a dentist’s consultation room
  • Discussion, argument and persuasion of an individual to change his behavior is possible
  • Opportunity for the individual to ask questions and clearing doubts
  • Disadvantages
  • Small number can benefit
  • Health education is given to only who come in contact with the dental surgeon or with public health personnel
  • A group is an aggregation of people interacting in a face-to-face situation
  • Process of identifying problems and finding solutions collectively by members of group
  • Consist of 6-12 members
  • Participants are seated in a circle
  • Group leader initiates the subject, prevents side conversations, encourages everyone to participate and sums up the discussion
  • There should be a recorder who prepares a report on issues discussed and agreements reached
  • Panel of 4 to 8 experts sit and discuss a topic in front of an audience
  • Headed by a chairman who opens the session, introduces the speakers and keeps the discussion going
  • Audience are allowed to ask questions
  • Chairman sums up the different views presented
  • It consist of series of meetings with emphasis on individual work with the help of resource persons
  • Total work shop is divided in to small groups and each groups will select a chairman and a recorder
  • The individuals work, solve a part of the problem, contribute to group discussions and leave the workshop with a plan of action for the problem
  • Program range from half day to one week
  • Held on a regional, state or national level
  • They usually have a theme
  • Size of the group should be 25
  • The audience should take part
  • Situation is dramatized to make communication more effective
  • It is followed by a discussion on the problem
  • Puppet shows is a type of socio drama
  • Useful for children’s health education
  • Procedure is carried out step-by-step in front of sn audience
  • Method involves the audience in discussion and has a high motivational value
  • The audience can then carry out the procedure themselves with expert help


  • Communication is given to a community where the people gathered together do not belong to one particular group
  • Advantages:
  • Large number of people can be reached
  • People of all socio-economic status have access to health education
  • Disadvantage :
  • One way communication
  • Television
  • Radio
  • News papers/press
  • Documentary films
  • Posters
  • Health exhibition
  • Health magazines
  • Health information booklets
  • Internet




8,857 thoughts on “HEALTH EDUCATION-How the concepts of health being taught

  1. Hey there! This is kind of off topic but I need some advice from an established blog. Is it difficult to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty quick. I’m thinking about creating my own but I’m not sure where to start. Do you have any tips or suggestions? Thank you

  2. I haven¦t checked in here for some time because I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are great quality so I guess I¦ll add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  3. For more than two years Thomas Fischer has been working as a medical advisor and editor for the editorial team of Viagra-Prescription tadalafil cialis Part of me feels like it s a cop-out to choose Resume or The Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock because they are enormously famous poems with loads already written about them

  4. What i don’t understood is in fact how you are not really much more smartly-preferred than you may be right now. You’re so intelligent. You recognize thus considerably in relation to this topic, made me individually consider it from so many various angles. Its like women and men don’t seem to be involved unless it’s something to do with Woman gaga! Your individual stuffs great. Always care for it up!

  5. Can I just say what a relief to find someone who actually knows what theyre talking about on the internet. You definitely know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people need to read this and understand this side of the story. I cant believe youre not more popular because you definitely have the gift.

  6. Have you ever thought about writing an ebook or guest authoring on other websites? I have a blog based on the same subjects you discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information. I know my readers would enjoy your work. If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an email.

  7. prevacid clotrimazole lozenge for sale Yes there are a number of options available, you can set your browser either to reject all cookies, to allow only trusted sites to set them, or to only accept them from the site you are currently on lasix iv However, grade 2 4 febrile neutropenia was more common on the concurrent arm 6 vs 2

  8. Thanks for your post made here. One thing I would really like to say is that often most professional fields consider the Bachelor Degree like thejust like the entry level standard for an online certification. When Associate Diplomas are a great way to start out, completing ones Bachelors opens up many opportunities to various professions, there are numerous on-line Bachelor Diploma Programs available via institutions like The University of Phoenix, Intercontinental University Online and Kaplan. Another issue is that many brick and mortar institutions give Online editions of their diplomas but typically for a considerably higher charge than the institutions that specialize in online education programs.

  9. Zgodnie z przepisami granie w nielegalnego pokera grozi karami pieniężnymi w wysokości 100% uzyskanej wygranej, niepomniejszonej o kwotę stawek za uczestnictwo w grze. Oznacza to, że jeśli wstęp do turnieju kosztował 1000 złotych, a wygraliśmy 3000 złotych, musimy oddać całe 3000 i nikogo nie będzie interesowało, że ponieśliśmy koszty. Co gorsze, nie jest to jedyna kara, która czeka na nieodpowiedzialnych graczy. Za takie zachowanie można także zostać uznanym jako przestępca skarbowy. W tym wypadku czeka nas kara grzywny w wysokości do 120 stawek dziennych, czyli kwoty nawet 3 360 000 złotych. Kraje UE nie cieszą się tutaj w pełni autonomią, jaką zwykle cieszą się kraje, co oznacza dostosowanie wszelkich przepisów dotyczących hazardu, które uznają za stosowne, ponieważ UE ma pewną swobodę w określaniu sposobu prowadzenia działalności gospodarczej w państwie członkowskim, do pewnego stopnia , mimo że dotknięte nią kraje często się temu sprzeciwiają. Z czasem presja, jaką UE może wywierać, jest czymś, co przynajmniej ma wpływ na różne rzeczy i ostatecznie może zmusić kraje do przestrzegania przepisów, chociaż proces ten jest zwykle dość długi. Liczba graczy korzystających z kasyna online na Androida rośnie każdego dnia. Aby rozpocząć grę, nie są wymagane żadne nadzwyczajne środki. Tak, naprawdę istnieją dwa sposoby gry: pierwszy to podstawowe Kasyno w przeglądarce internetowej, drugi wymaga specjalnej aplikacji na system android. W przypadku wersji mobilnej wygląd witryny i mechanizm działania powinny być takie same, jak w przypadku witryny na zwykłym komputerze. Decydując się na skorzystanie z gier kasynowych na urządzeniu mobilnym z Androidem, musisz wiedzieć, że czasami mogą się one różnić od tradycyjnych wersji. Deweloperze, skupiają się w tych grach przede wszystkim na szybkości działania i niezawodności. Również interfejs i nawigowanie w niektórych przypadkach może się różnić. Jest to związane głównie z użytecznością i sprawienie, aby gracze, czyli się jak najbardziej komfortowe korzystając z tych produkcji na swoim urządzeniu mobilny.

  10. 掌连老福的首要本事就是辨听鱼群。一旦发现鱼群,便用敲梆法令鱼群浮出水面。但两天下来,他们在官井洋绕了一圈,并无收获。老福想起师傅说过的话:敲梆法传进来后,黄瓜鱼捕捞量大增,但恐怕也有灭绝之灾。大家沮丧极了,船主刘慈雄咬咬牙,认栽了,下令返航,但老福坚持要去鸡公山口做最后一搏,不惜跳海相逼,致使大家同意前往。 但那时国家百废待兴,人民普遍贫穷,崎岖的山路像条条绳索,紧紧捆住了艰难的岁月。好些村寨困在深山,乡亲们过不了陡崖深谷,孩子上不了学,长大了不敢去城市打工,因为他们不识字。海雀村为报答政府年年送来的上万斤救济粮,老支书文朝荣领着村民开了一条出山路,种树10余年,绿化了周边三个山头。老支书去世后留下一双磨不破的“鞋”,那是用刀切割下来的两段轮胎,再穿孔系绳,现在摆在海雀村纪念馆里,成为那段奋斗岁月的见证。 …营销(international marketing)?国际营销是指在国际范围内,跨越许多国家和地区的营销策略和营销活动。这些战略通过迎合世界各地客户的多样化偏好和需求来促进增长和扩大市场。这些活动必须符合全球市场的法律和习俗。由于… … Texas Holdem,MuMu Player是一款免費的PC軟件,在PC上執行各種手機遊戲和應用 … 如何在電腦上下載美加嗨撲克:德州撲克 Mega Hit Poker : Texas Holdem遊戲. 牌局开始,闲家在时限内下注并决定是否加注: 对于专家和新手来说,DH Texas Poker 是享受扑克的绝佳方式,而且不仅要您已经有一定的经验。由于帮助部分,该游戏也可供初学者使用。其实上手游戏一点都不难,玩几分钟就可以了。由于 DH Texas Poker 是在线对战其他人,因此该游戏提供了报告玩家并在他们思考时间过长时自动淘汰的功能。

  11. Жидкая подводка для глаз ESSENCE LIQUID EYELINER отличается хорошим качеством и достаточно бюджетной ценой. Подходит она скорее для опытных девушек, которые уже умеют рисовать стрелки на глазах, новичкам работать с кистью такой специфической формы будет сложновато. Подводка эта водостойкая, так что вы можете без опасений использовать ее зимой или осенью, в дождливую, сырую погоду, а также когда идет снег. В корзине пусто! Это один из тех видов макияжа, в котором ключевую роль играют стрелки. Поэтому, прежде чем приступить к его исполнению, нужно знать, как накрасить стрелки на глаза. Чтобы нарисовать «кошачьи стрелки» потребуется навык. Приобрести навык совсем не сложно, тем более ради такого шикарного макияжа. Еслиу вас большие круглые глаза, то стрелки нужно делать на верхнем и нижнем веке.С помощью черной подводки вы с легкостью сможете изменить форму глаз. Уголкиглаз рекомендуется удлинить, для этого линию нужно делать немного выше уголка,зрительно закругляя ее. После того, как стрелки будут прорисованы, их нужнорастушевать. Polysorbate 20 – эмульгатор и растворитель жиров, в разрешенных дозировках безопасен, нужен для улучшения скольжения, смягчает (может вызывать индивидуальные реакции). Обратите внимание на представленные ниже действенные сыворотки, стимулирующие рост ресниц. Лучшие сыворотки для ресниц премиум-класса Сыворотка CARELASH – лучшее средство для ухода за ресницами. Оно восстановит потускневшие тонкие реснички, вызовет рост новых волосков и не нанесет ущерба вашему кошельку. Производитель позаботился о том, чтобы сделать средство удобным и простым в применении. Сыворотка заключена во флакон, снабженный специальной щеточкой. Упаковка напоминает компактную тушь для ресниц, только на конце щетки имеется мягкий спонж. Он предназначен для нанесения средства на брови. И для достижения этого замечательного результата вам не придётся проводить часы перед зеркалом. Сыворотка для ресниц Nanolash снабжена точной и очень удобной кисточкой, благодаря которой вы быстро и без труда нанесёте продукт. Удалите макияж, проведите кисточкой по линии роста ресниц и позвольте сыворотке сотворить чудо: Nanolash будет работать, пока вы спите.

  12. Despite its cutsie name, Lollipop Lips aren’t as polished as they sound. After making an appearance on the runway, the clumsy girl in us might just have been a tad bit relieved to be represented. While not everyone is going to see your smudged lips as a trend, it can still be achievable for the hot mess aesthetic. Although you can also wear matte lips, the pouty lips trend is aiming to show off glossy lips again. Yup, the ‘90s are still back, and probs will be every year until forever. One of 2022’s variations? Grunge makeup-inspired burgundy lips. For days when you’re not rocking a ‘90s lip liner moment (more on that below), layer on a bold burgundy lip color like this. Or, for a more lived-in, blurred lip effect, dab your lipstick on the center of your lips, then smudge and blend it out with your finger. On days when we want a little extra coverage, we need our makeup to stay put all day long. Whether you want to cover redness, pimples, hyperpigmentation, or dark spots, full coverage foundations are the way to go. They’re meant to cover everything and give the skin a flawless look! In the GH Beauty Lab’s latest foundation test, scientists tested 190 submitted products to determine the top 30 foundations on the market, which included quantifying 919 data points. The Beauty Lab scientists work with makeup artists and other experts to find the best formulas on the market. They test foundations across all price points and label products to eliminate bias, ultimately ranking formulas based on various criteria including dispensing, texture, application (spreadability, blendability, buildability), plus coverage and feel.

  13. Cultivating a climate of care that prioritizes strong relationships between students and teachers as well as peer-to-peer connections is critical now and in the future. Research shows that students who feel a sense of belonging and connection to both adults and peers in the school community are more engaged with learning. Students yearn to be seen, heard, and valued as whole people with lives beyond the classroom. We know that when students believe they have at least one adult at the school who cares about them and knows them well, they are more likely to thrive in school and out. Self-reflective essays may challenge you to think critically about what you are doing well and what needs to be changed as a result of the experience you’re writing about. You can begin by talking about skills, responses and actions that have been strengthened by this experience, then move into a discussion of areas that need work. A student writing about being a camp counselor or doing community volunteer work might write about his strength in finding ways to relate to different kinds of people, and then discuss his need to work on his tendency to prejudge them when they first meet. No upfront payments Pay before after you approve essay parts of your paper. Built-in plagiarism checker You certain that the received paper is totally original with just one click. Get an Essay Writer for Academic Excellence When you are faced with writing problems, your solution is to get an essay writer to help you. Why Our Essay Writing Service? Custom essays Your paper will be where from essay you according to your specific needs and academic rules. To emphasize the efforts we put into delivering a high-quality product – be it essay or term paper writing services, editing or admission help – PaperHelp declared and toes several fundamental principles. Every member of our team works according to a strict honor code compiled of 5 main guarantees in order to ensure the best customer experience for you, our clients. Here they are:

  14. To wiodąca na rynku marka płatności przedpłaconych. Pozwala użytkownikom na natychmiastowe depozyty w dowolnym kasynie, które zadecydowało się na wprowadzenie tej usługi. Nie tylko mamy tu do czynienia z szybkimi zleceniami, bezpieczeństwem czy licznymi punktami dystrybucji. Główną korzyścią, którą daje nam paysafecard, jest całkowita anonimowość zakupu ich wydruków. Nie jest nam do tego potrzebna żadna karta, konto bankowe, czy dane osobowe. Zwyczajnie otrzymujemy produkt, którego realizujemy w dowolnie wybrany przez nas sposób. Co ciekawe, wykorzystując taką opcję możemy jednocześnie sprawdzać i kontrolować stan swojego salda, czego w prosty sposób spróbujemy na ich witrynie internetowej. W najgorszym wypadku, gdy nasz smartfon zostanie skradziony, złodziej nie będzie mógł użyć BLIKa, gdyż dostęp do aplikacji bankowej także będzie niemożliwy bez znajomości danych. Teraz już wiesz dlaczego kasyno BLIK jest tak genialnym wymysłem świata hazardu? My jesteśmy na „TAK” i polecamy wszystkim graczom kasyno online płatność BLIK. Wynajęcie autokaru z naszej gdańskiej firmy to doskonały sposób na zorganizowanie wycieczki szkolnej, czy pielgrzymki do ciekawych miejsc w kraju lub poza jego granicami. Doświadczenie naszych kierowców i znajomość autostrad oraz ulic największych miast w wielu państwach sprawia, że zaplanowanie wyjazdu do Niemiec, Francji, Włoch, czy Hiszpanii jest czystą przyjemnością. Z kolei użytkownik pokazał, jak willa i teren Putina wygląda na mapie Google. Jego wielkość wprawia w osłupienie – szczególnie w porównaniu z niewielkimi punktami, którymi oznaczone są domy innych mieszkańców.  Ekskluzywne urozmaicenie wieczoru kasynem gry w formie zabawy na bankietach, imprezach integracyjnych, przyjęciach firmowych, prywatnych, spotkaniach towarzyskich, wieczorach kawalerskich, panieńskich, weselach etc. Oferujemy wynajem stołów kasynowych na różnego rodzaju eventy.